Bone Loss is the result of untreated periodontitis, understanding the cause will help you learn how to prevent gum disease and keep your smile for life.
When bacteria spreads beyond the gumline it causes inflammation known as gingivitis that infects tissue beneath your teeth. Your teeth are snugly surrounded by bones, connective tissue and gum tissue. Healthy teeth fit into their sockets and bones without wiggle room. The point where your gums meet your teeth creates a tiny dip, known as a gingival sulcus. As gum disease progresses, bacteria containing plaque and tartar fill the gingival sulcus causing the gums to pull away from the teeth. If left untreated these tiny pockets become larger and are referred to as periodontal pockets. When bacteria reach your teeth and jawbone the acidic toxins wear away at the bone tissue, which is no longer protected by healthy gums. This stage of gum disease is known as periodontitis and is common among people who don’t visit the dentist regularly. Advanced periodontitis can lead to tooth loss, bone craters, or severe bone deterioration.
Treating Gum Disease
Professional gum disease treatments are necessary to save your teeth and stop the infection from spreading. Early stages of gingivitis can be treated by an accredited dental hygienist. If a gum infection has progressed to more serious periodontitis, it is best to act soon to prevent the loss of teeth and the bone that secures them in place.
Preventing Gum Disease
Regular Visits to the Oral Hygienist
Regular professional cleaning is the best way to remove plaque and tartar build-up that you cannot reach with general flossing and brushing. You can prevent bacteria causing gingivitis from degrading your jawbone by having a professional scale and polish every 6 months.
Regular Dental Check-ups
Visiting the dentist every six months is important for maintaining both oral and general health. During the dental check-up, our dentists will check your overall oral health for any trouble areas. Early treatment can save your teeth and prevent the development of adverse health complications that have been linked to poor oral health, such as heart and brain health.