Teeth grinding, medically known as bruxism, is repetitive grinding and teeth clenching. Over time this habit can damage your teeth, cause tooth hypersensitivity and pain in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and jaw muscles which leads to temporal headaches and poor sleep. Untreated bruxism will slowly grind down the enamel from your teeth, wearing down the top of the teeth, often causing chips or cracks too. Once the enamel has been worn down, your teeth are at a higher risk of tooth decay and tooth loss. Advanced damage will require dental restorations to correct your oral function and improve your facial aesthetics.
Nocturnal bruxism, is a condition in which you unknowingly gnash, or grind your teeth during sleep.
Wakeful bruxism is unconscious and involuntary jaw clenching when awake.
Consequences of teeth grinding
- Damaged or worn down teeth
- Pain in the TMJ
- Sensitive teeth
- Sleep disturbances
- Stiff tender jaw muscles
Bruxism treatments that protect your teeth
There is no single cure for teeth grinding also known as bruxism, however these helpful devices and treatments are effective for reducing the damage caused and alleviating the unpleasant symptoms. These include dental night guards such as mouth guards and splints and nerve blocking injectables.